If you’re a new driver in New South Wales (NSW), navigating the rules and restrictions that come with your provisional (P) plate can be a bit overwhelming. 

Whether you’re on your red P plates or green P plates, understanding the regulations is important for both your safety and compliance with the law. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to get your license, the P plater rules and P plate car restrictions in NSW

How To Get Your License in NSW

A driver’s license is a significant milestone in one’s life, signifying newfound independence and enhanced mobility. It opens the door to a world of opportunities and experiences, allowing individuals to navigate the roads with confidence and convenience. 

We will delve into the step-by-step process of obtaining your driver’s license and provide you with a complete understanding of the journey ahead. Learn how to get your license and P plates in NSW to start your exciting driving journey.

Step 1: Driver Knowledge Test (DKT)

The journey towards obtaining your P plates in NSW begins with the Driver Knowledge Test (DKT). This computer-based test evaluates your knowledge of road rules and road safety. 

To pass, you’ll need to answer 12 out of 15 general knowledge questions and 29 out of 30 road safety questions, including questions about traffic signs.

Step 2:
Learner Licence

To secure your learner licence, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be 16 years or older.
  • Provide proof of your identity.
  • Pass an eyesight test.
  • Complete the Driver Knowledge Test (DKT).

Some rules and restrictions include: 

  • You must display the “Yellow L.” 
  • Drinking alcohol is NOT allowed. 
  • You must be supervised when driving.  
  • The maximum speed you are allowed to drive is 90 Km/h. 
  • You must not use any Mobile device.  
  • For a learner’s licence, there are some local restrictions; you cannot drive in Parramatta Park, Centennial Park and Moore Park. 

Step 3: P1 Licence

Getting your P1 licence is the next step, which requires:

  • Pass the Hazard Perception Test (HPT) to test your ability to spot and respond to road hazards.
  • If you’re under 25, you must hold your learner’s license for at least 10 months before attempting the HPT.
  • If you’re 25 or older, you can do the HPT and the driving test whenever you are ready, as you are not required to finish a learner driver logbook.
  • Pass an eyesight test.
  • Pass the practical driving test to assess your driving skills, decision-making, and safe road sharing.
  • If you’re under 25, there are extra requirements, including having your learner’s license for at least 12 months and recording 120 hours of driving in a learner driver log book, which should include 20 hours of nighttime driving.
  • If you don’t pass the driving test, you’ll require a person with a full license to drive the car for you. You’ll also need to wait at least 7 days before trying the test again.

Once you’ve completed the requirements, you’ll obtain your “Red P”.

Step 4: P2 Licence

After holding your provisional P1 licence for at least 12 months, you can apply for a provisional P2 driver’s licence, also known as ‘Green Ps.’ Most applicants can complete this process online.

To own this licence, you’ll need to: 

  • Prove your identity
  • Pay the licence and test fees unless you’re eligible for a concession.

Once you’ve paid the necessary fees, you’ll get a temporary license that allows you to drive until your new license card is ready.

If you face a suspension due to demerit points or high-risk driving, you’ll have to extend your provisional license by an extra 6 months for each suspension you receive.

Step 5: Full Licence

Once you’ve held your “Green Ps” for at least 2 years, you can obtain a full (unrestricted) driver’s licence. To apply, you must:

  • Have held your P2 licence for at least 24 months.
  • Prove your identity.
  • Pass an eyesight test.
  • Pay the licence fee. 

The Driver Qualification Test (DQT) is no longer required to progress from your P2 licence to a full licence.

Check the licence fees in Transport NSW.

Nsw P Plate Restrictions
And Rules 

Red P’s

Red P Plate Rules: Red P Plate Restrictions: 
You must only Drive cars. You are not allowed to drive above the speed limit of 90 km/h.
Display the “Red P” plate clearly on the front and back of the car outside.  You must not have any alcohol in your system when driving.
In the red Ps rules, you must ensure everyone in the car is in a seat with a seatbelt or approved restraint – each person must use a seatbelt or restraint. You are not allowed to supervise a learner driver. 
You are not allowed to drive a high-performance vehicle.
You must only drive solo in the car you took your driving test in. If you drove an automatic transmission or clutchless manual car in your test, that is the only type of car you may drive on your Ps unsupervised. It’s not allowed to use any mobile phone while driving or while your vehicle is stopped but not parked. This includes hands-free devices or loudspeakers.

*Note: If your red P plate license is disqualified, you’ll only be able to carry 1 passenger for 12 months after you get your license back.

Green P’s

Green P Plate Rules: Green Ps NSW Restrictions: 
Displaying P plates in NSW is a rule; you must display the “Green P” plate clearly on the outside of the front and back of the vehicle. If you’re towing a trailer, a P plate must be on the back.  Green P speed limit: You are not allowed to drive over the maximum speed limit of 100km/h. 
You must not have any alcohol in your system when you drive a vehicle.
You must ensure everyone in the vehicle is in a seat with a seatbelt or an approved restraint fitted. You are not allowed to supervise a learner driver.
You are not allowed to use any mobile phones, including hands-free devices or loudspeakers, while driving or while your vehicle is stopped but not parked.
You are not allowed to drive a high-performance vehicle.

Note: If you receive a license suspension for unsafe driving, you must stay on your Green P’s for 6 months. You’ll get an additional extension for every suspension, not including the suspension period.


Obtaining your driver’s license in New South Wales is an important achievement that brings newfound freedom and responsibility. It’s a journey that starts with learning the rules of the road and ends with safe and confident driving. 

Remember that safety and adherence to the rules are crucial at every stage. Whether you’re just starting or working towards a full license, drive responsibly and enjoy the freedom of the open road.

Explore the city with Popcar.

If you’re interested in conveniently and affordably exploring New South Whales, we welcome you to the Popcar community of car-sharing services. With Popcar, you can access a vehicle when you need it.  Learn more about our services, prices and locations and let’s start your next road adventure together.